Nemet - the village of the Germans
The village of Nemet is located 8 km linear distance from Zillasch in the direct neighborhood of Bobda. Today it belongs to the municipality of Sackelhausen and is called Beregsău Mic (German: Klein Bergsau, Hungarian: Berekszónémeti, Serbian: Nemet).
The Austrian Cameral Mapping records in 1782 "Nemeth a rayz village in the Temesvar district, p.1 - no. 388.2" [hungaricana.hu], i.e. a Serbian village, as we remember it by name also from recent times.
However, considering that in the 1880 census about 80% of the population were Serbs, and in the one of 2002 about 80% of the inhabitants were Romanians, a fundamental demographic change led Nemet to become Beregsău Mic, i.e. a Romanian village with a Serbian minority.
Felix Milleker (1858-1942) a German-Hungarian pedagogue, historian and local historian from Werschetz (Serbian: Vrsac) dedicated a considerable number of his publications to the history and culture of the Danube-Swabian settlement area. Thus, he critically examines "The history of the Germans in the Banat from the oldest times until the year 1716", which he published in Werschetz in 1927 [source BSB / MDZ Munich].
Following his explanations, which start with the Romans and the activities of Germanic tribes, he speaks in this writing at the time of the late Middle Ages of places with NEMCI (Serbian: Germans / 2 places) and SAS (=Saxons / 5 places) in the at that time Slavic influenced Banat, thus of places, which developed by the settlement with immigrated Germans.
Below a short summary and time table to the place VILLA NEMCI (=Village of the Germans): 1317: Villa Nempti belonged to Johann, son of Peter de Popd.
1317: Devastation due to prolonged quartering of the royal army.
1333: Nemiti, Nempty, Nemeti, Nemety - parish in Timisoara deanery, parish priest Nicholas.
1346: The words Nemeti and Nempti are also used as nobility predicate.
1390: Turkish invasions increase; the German population disappears.
1455: Nemethy is mentioned in a document.
1456: Dionys Nemethy becomes bailiff of the castle of Karan.
1463: King Mathias leases the village to the Mutnok family.
1488: Benedict Nemethy is the owner of Knez (Knees, Satchinez).
1494: Wladislaw II transfers the rights to Franz Dóczi de Nagy-Lucse.
1497: Margaret, widow of Emmerich Dóczi hands over Nemethi to her son Franz 'for eternity'.
1514: Nemeti village is burnt down by Anton Hosszu, war leader of George Dózsa.
1539: Nimethy belongs to the castle of Timisoara (King John / Arad chapter: land reform).
1717: Nemet - part of the Habsburg crown domain after the liberation from the Turks.
1769: Nemet shown on maps of the Josephinian Land Survey.
1788: Németh belongs to the Damaszkin family; construction of the Damaszkin manor .
1833: owner is Oskar Damaszkin .
1880: Csávossy Gyula and Mucsalov Sima share the property .
1880: Census registers 923 Serbs, 146 Germans, 27 Romanians, 21 Hungarians .
1912: Landlords are Csávossy, Ivan Mucsalov, Badulov Vlasztimivnek and Braniszlavnak .
1920: Beregsău Nemtesc belongs to the Kingdom of Romania (Treaty of Trianon).
1949: Beregsău Mic, nationalization / state owned .
1990: descendants of the Mucsalov family obtain the rights to the Damaszkin manor, which is now in a deplorable state (opposite the Serbian Church ) .
2002: Census registers 660 Romanians, 141 Serbs, 10 Hungarians, no Germans .
Nemet survived the turbulences of the Middle Ages and the Turkish occupation. The place name was Német in the 18th and 19th centuries and Beregszónémet in 1911.
We can only hope that the village and its inhabitants will always find their own identity.
[Source: see one page up]